Converging Worlds, The Neolithisation of the Scheldt basin during the late fifth and early fourth millenium cal BC.

TitelConverging Worlds, The Neolithisation of the Scheldt basin during the late fifth and early fourth millenium cal BC.
PublicatietypeVerhandeling of proefschrift
AuteursVanmontfort, B
Departement, vakgroep of afdelingDepartement Archeologie, Kunstwetenschappen en Musicologie, Afdeling Archeologie
UniversiteitKatholieke Universiteit Leuven
TrefwoordenMichelsberg, neolithisation, Scheldt basin, settlement system, Spiere-De Hel

Converging Worlds, The Neolithisation of the Scheldt basin during the late fifth and early fourth millenium cal BCA25765


Converging Worlds, The Neolithisation of the Scheldt basin during the late fifth and early fourth millenium cal BC.Chapter 42.settlement systems
some settlements more susceptible to be reflected in the archaeological record than others. Middle-Neolithic Scheldt basin: larger surface scatters containing numerous diagnostic artefacts are more easily recognised. itt smaller sites or alluvial sediments.///intensity of investigation.
site types: With respect to site types and the activities that were performed: restrictions: only part of the activities performed in a settlement are reflected.
Used parameters: size assemblage/ total surface area of site/ nature artefacts/ecofacts/ discovered features--this ensues that small sites without diagnostic artefacts, however making up an important part of the settlements system will be underrepresented.
Site types in enclosure sites---domestic sites---and flint exploitation sites.
Other occupation sites: major sites in loamy and sandloamy area, smaller sites in sandy parts [zelfde als in Limburg!]. Distinct absence in areas of former LBK or Blicquy occupation. few sites with occupation layer. Other sites do yield some postholes, but mostly waste pits [cf. dutch situation and therefore wishfull thinking Neliske]. Exception with structure: MAiry. Several explanations for absence dwelling str. also probably consisted of lighter and temporary constructions.
Problems with surface scatters: palimpsests, distinction between probable settlement sites and smaller surface scatters of which the nature of the occupation is unsure but clearly distinct. Difficult to distinguish site types based on available dataset: limited gamut of tool types and lack of knowledge on their use, this resulst in the same distinction between settlement sites where domestic activities are confirmed by the presence of endscrapers and blades and smaller surface scatters, where diagnostic artefacts often consist of axes and arrowheads.---pottery---flint:2 procurement strategies, 1 local, 1 mined. Interassemblage variability: hampered by absence of generally used typology and subsequent differences in identification, also taphonomic and other causes [deze argumenten misschien ook voor mij van belang]. explanation: probably not chronological but: 1. differneces in availability, 2.economic and functional aspects of the different sites. Possibly also socio-political (access).
2.3.2 Palaeo-ecology and subsistence strategy: [misschien wel een handige verdeling]
natural vegetation, human impact, exploitation: pollen profiles---fauna---subsistence strategy (hunting of wild animals seems to be restricted)---relation between pigs and crop cultivation (need less attention) and cattle and no crops (need more attention).
Cattle---axes---grazing land (cf. Schipluiden)
Pigs---sickle blades---crops, maar hoe zit 't dan met de LBK?
2.4 Discussion: The settlement system
extrapolate data from entire Scheldt basin and outside, so model is hard to confirm and remains working hypotheses.
loamy areas, both small and large sites, including enclosures. Coversand area, only few small surface scatters. 2 possibilities: either (cf. Verhart) part of autonomous settlement systems, or single system covering both spheres. change in functional and possibly subsistence context. large and small settlement sites in loamy area could also be reflection of two autonomous systems. However all points to a much larger mobility than LBK. Only real evidence for a differnt settlement system is Oudenaarde.
[concerning cultural context, it might be useful for the LRB to look at temper]
Cf. Vanmontfort 2004, 345: Given the pedological context of large parts of the (Scheldt Basin), such data cannot be expected in the future either (cf. Vermeersch and Bubel 1997, Raemaekers 1999, 106, Vermeersch in press). Goal: to say more about these sites with the aid of wetland sites.

Citation KeyVMontfort:2004aa